An Overview of KYC & AML Regulations in the UK

KYC AML Regulations

In the ever-evolving landscape of financial transactions, Anti-Money Laundering (AML) regulations play a crucial role in safeguarding the integrity of economic systems. One of the critical components of AML regulations is Know Your Customer (KYC), a process that helps financial institutions verify the identity of their clients and assess potential risks of illegal activities. In the United Kingdom, these regulations are continually updated to address emerging threats and challenges. This blog explores the current state of AML regulations in the UK in 2024, specifically focusing on the importance of KYC AML regulations.

The failure of financial institutions to adhere to anti-money laundering (AML) regulations has dominated news headlines this year in the UK. The substantial penalties imposed, reaching into the millions, underscore the gravity of these shortcomings.

The Bank of Queensland (BOQ) has incurred a capital penalty of $50 million, as regulators disclosed that BOQ violated prudential standards and failed to adhere to anti-money laundering laws.

ADM Investor Services International Limited, a commodities services broker, has been fined £6.47 million (equivalent to $7.9 million) by the UK Financial Conduct Authority (FCA). This substantial penalty results from the company’s “inadequate” anti-money laundering systems and controls.

What is the current AML regulation in the UK?

The current AML regulations in the UK are designed to combat money laundering and terrorist financing activities. Businesses are compelled to adhere to diverse Anti-Money Laundering (AML) requirements as stipulated by the Money Laundering, Terrorist Financing and Transfer of Funds Regulations 2017 and its subsequent amendments. The regulation underwent modification in 2019 to incorporate the provisions of the 5th AML Directive into national law. Notably, the UK opted against transposing the 6th AML Directive, given that a substantial portion of its content was already encompassed by existing UK legislation. Compliance with KYC AML regulations is a legal requirement and a fundamental step in building trust between financial institutions and their clients.

KYC AML Regulations

Who regulates AML in the UK?

The oversight of AML regulations in the UK falls under the responsibility of various regulatory bodies and authorities. The principal Anti-Money Laundering (AML) regulator in the United Kingdom is the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA). Its primary responsibility lies in supervising various financial institutions, including banks, cryptocurrency businesses, and other entities within the financial services sector. By leveraging the expertise of these authorities’ financial institutions can navigate the complex landscape of AML regulations while staying up to date with the latest industry standards. 

Who needs to comply with AML regulations?

Compliance with AML regulations extends beyond traditional financial institutions. Various entities, including banks, credit unions, investment firms, and certain non-financial businesses, must comply with KYC & AML regulations. The broad scope of these regulations reflects the commitment to creating a comprehensive framework that addresses the diverse channels through which money laundering and illicit activities can occur. Starting from September 2022, AML regulations apply to all express trusts in the UK, as well as specific non-UK express trusts. These trusts, which are explicitly established, typically in written form rather than through inference, are required to register with the HMRC.

How do you get compliant with UK AML requirements?

To achieve compliance with UK AML requirements, organizations must focus on implementing effective KYC and AML checks. This involves adopting advanced technologies and solutions that facilitate accurate identity verification and ongoing monitoring of customer activities. KYC AML compliance is not a one-time process but a continuing commitment to staying vigilant against evolving threats. AML compliance involves preventing money laundering, terrorist financing, fraud, and various other financial crimes. Here, we outline the necessary procedures for achieving compliance.

  • Customer Due Diligence Requirements
  • Adopt Advanced AML Technologies
  • Regular Audits and Assessments
  • Ongoing Monitoring
  • AML Screening
  • Documentation and Preservation Mandates

 Automated KYC AML checks streamline the verification process, allowing organizations to meet regulatory requirements efficiently.


In conclusion, the landscape of Anti-Money Laundering regulations in the UK in 2024 underscores the critical role of Know Your Customer processes. These regulations are designed to create a secure and transparent financial environment, focusing on preventing money laundering and terrorist financing activities. 

Are you seeking assistance with AML compliance in the UK? IDMERIT, your dependable KYC AML provider for regulatory compliance and identity verification solutions, is here to guide and support you. Contact us today for expert guidance. By teaming up with IDMERT, businesses in the UK can harness their expertise and cutting-edge solutions to expedite the implementation of digital identity verification, guaranteeing smooth customer interactions while minimizing risks.

IDMERT’s unwavering dedication to innovation and its proven history of successful implementations make it a worthwhile partner in the UK’s digital identity transformation.